Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth.
Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons, which irritate the gums. They may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily.
If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. Plaque can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). This can periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth occur both above and below the gum line. As in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease is vital to prevent tooth loss. All periodontal techniques are founded on the basis of excellent and ongoing prevention if they are to be successful.
The management of periodontal problems, which are often both genetically and environmentally determined is critical if damage is to be minimised through life and teeth are to be retained long-term.